Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
It’s really finally spring here. The green things are growing, the bugs are buzzing, the frogs chirping and the birds are starting to appear again. One of my favorite things about spring, actually the reason I love spring so much, is all the foraging that becomes possible again! 
Stinging nettles are one thing I hadn’t ventured into yet and wasn’t so sure that they were something I wanted to “venture into” either.
Ariana at And Here We Are posted about nettles just recently. Looking through the photos I realized we had a patch growing along a fence line on the farm right here by the stable.  I had thought they were nettles before but they didn’t sting when I touched them so I figured I must have been wrong. I promptly forgot about them just like the prune tree.
After reading Ariana’s post I went to investigate again. 
Youch!
 They stung me this time. I think they didn’t sting me the first time because it was raining and there was so much water on the plant it kept the sting causing compound from getting on my skin.
 I’ve since learned they are very much worth the stings and work required to eat them! I used them in eggs, made nettle pasta and used the broth in soup and as a warm hearty drink. 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
AJ  thinks the broth tastes like squash, I have to admit it sort of does. Nettles are very high in beta-carotene, just like squash, so its not surprising that the broth might have a “squashy” taste.  You can use the blanched green just like you would kale, spinach or any other green that holds up well to cooking.
 
Nettles are all around nutritious, they are a great source of vitamin K and all sorts of important stuff as well as used in homeopathic medicine for allergy relief, kidney and adrenal health and in helping wounds heal. This article has additional info about all their awesome benefits if you’re interested.

 

Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 

Identifying Stinging Nettles

Stinging nettles Urtica dioica, have subspecies native to North America as well as Europe and can be found as an introduced species in other places. They can vary quite a bit in different growing habitats but there are a few defining characteristics:
 

Sting

 Yeah. Goes without saying right? Of course you don’t want to have to figure out a nettle is a nettle this way. And they there are other edible nettles that don’t sting. Good grief I sound like Doctor Seuss.
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

The sting is caused by trichomes, the little hairs on the leaf that shoot you up with a nasty cocktail of plant chemicals that cause an inflammatory response. 

Whoever said plants were innocent never met a stinging nettle.

Or a rose.
Or any of the plants people use as drugs.
They produce those compounds to kill bugs! Seriously, we are just the idiots who think its fun to poison ourselves with plant chemical weapons.


Stem

They have a square stem that will be either pithy or hollow depending on the age of the stem, getting more hollow as the plant ages. 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

Leaf

Leaves are opposite (meaning they are organized so every leaf has a buddy right across the stem from it) and deeply serrated.  There are also stipules at the base of each pair of leaves, which are those little mini leaves where the stem and leaf connect.
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
Our nettles have very heart shaped leaves but they can also be more narrow and pointed. 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
Generally speaking, nettles grow upright and unbranching. 
 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

Where to find stinging nettles?

Stinging nettles like fertile moist areas. They especially like soil rich in nitrogen and phosphorus, so you will often find them in areas currently or previously used for agriculture. You’ll also find them where run off from a nutrient rich area pools. These are one of the first brave green things in the spring. In a mild climate I wouldn’t be surprised if you could have them growing year round. 
They have crazy complex root systems that make them insanely hard to kill without pesticides; so why not just coexist and eat them instead? Just sayin’. 

 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 

Alright, I know these are nettles. Now what?

Harvest time, that’s what!

Get yourself some garden clippers or sharp scissors and gloves if you have them. If you don’t have gloves you can use your cutting utensils carefully like tongs to get the nettles in the bowl. Oh, or hey use real tongs! I amaze even myself with my brilliant ideas sometimes. 
On a different note, if you are looking for good hand pruners this brand is awesome. If you’ve ever tried to work with crappy ones, you know the woes of a dull edible and poor design. These puppies hold an edge, can be sharpened and repaired.
While the whole stalk/leaf part is edible I just take the top three or four segments that are the most tender, it leaves lots of leaf matter to keep the plant healthy and means I’m only getting the most tender parts.
AJ believes this rubbish about either the top or bottom not stinging, maybe you’ve heard it too? Well, with these nettles at least, no part is safe to touch. I had the welts to prove it! You can experiment with that if you want but I wouldn’t advise it.
I did notice that harvesting while it was raining cut down on how often I got stung and how much it hurt. It might have been a combination of the water preventing the chemicals from coming in contact with my skin and that I was cold so my skin reacted less. However it worked, I noticed a big difference. 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
 
 
Once you have a nice big bowl of nettles bring them in and clean them. Depending on how squeamish you are about what might be on them and how dirty they look you can either just rinse them off or let them soak for a while in cold water.
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

 

Blanching Stinging Nettles

 
You need this step to kill the sting so you can eat the stinging nettles. Alternatively, you can dry them. I haven’t tried that yet but once they are dry the sting is suppose to be gone as well.
 I tried two different methods. 
Not because I was trying to be experimental, just because the first time I forget that I was suppose to heat the water before adding the nettles.
Oopsies.
Anyhow, it works either way, with a cold water start or by adding the nettles to hot water. I did notice that adding them to hot water was faster and yielded a greener nettle at the end.
Boil a large pot of water; make sure its enough to submerge your nettles in.
When the water comes to a boil add your nettle and swish them around. I leave them in -with lots of squishes for good measure- for just a few minutes until they are wilted and bright green, and of course they don’t sting anymore.
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
Once they are wilted to my liking I pull them out and drain them using a mesh strainer. I press the nettles to get as much liquid out as possible.  

Hey, save the liquid! We will get to that here in a bit. 

 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
Now you can use them however you like! I pureed ours and portioned them out to be frozen for later. 
Unfortunately, our freezer died just a couple weeks later. All that hard work would have been wasted but instead I made the nettles into some yummy pasta.
I think the next batch I will rough chop some as well as puree, I think they would be even more yummy roughly chopped in eggs.
That liquid you have, is often called nettle tea. I prefer nettle broth. This stuff is potent!
 I feel like I’m drinking a liquefied warm day in the garden. 
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep
 
 
Chunks in my drinks really weird me out so I strained the broth through a coffee filter set in a mesh strainer over a pitcher. This is the same set up I use for bone broth but I add the coffee filter for extra filtration.
 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

 
 

You can do all sorts of things with it, brew nettle beer or sweeten it like tea. I’m honestly a little suspicious about sweetening it since it seems so savory to me.  I found it makes a lovely base along with some bone broth for soup. It freezes very nicely too.

Don’t forget that you can use the greens just like you would any other green that holds up well to cooking. The sky is the limit my friends!

I want to know! What have you done with nettles?

 
Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

This post is participating in the Homestead Barn, HomeAcreFrom The Farm, Thrifty Things Friday, Inspired Weekends, Savoring Saturdays, Homesteaders and Mostly Homemade Mondays blog Hops, check them out to find other great blogs like ours!

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2 thoughts on “Stinging Nettles: ID, Harvest & Prep

  1. So happy I found your post through Savoring Saturdays. I am am planning on gathering some stinging nettle this weekend to make some pesto. It will be my first time cooking this plant so great to find your post to guide me through some different ways I can use it.

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